Integration is the process by which migrants become accepted into society, both as individuals and as groups. The requirements for being accepted in the society are determined by the host country, and the responsibility is distributed between everyone involved*: the government, the host community, the migrant, NGOs, etc.
- International Organization for Migration
Research by the World Bank shows that migration can rather quickly benefit the economies of host communities if migrants quickly find jobs, and their skills complement the skills of local residents. The positive immigration shock which happens if there is a rapid unexpected influx of migrants reduces unemployment and has a considerable positive effect on the local and state finances in the short term. In addition, studies have not found any evidence for the hypothesis that the local population is displaced from the labor market, or that migrants have a negative effect on the local budget.
To accelerate integration, policy makers analyze the factors that affect integration and barriers that prevent integration.
Evidence-based decision making - is using research and analysis to make decisions at all stages of policy implementation and in all spheres.
Three characteristics of the approach:
- innovation: search for instruments that provide better results;
- reduction of wasteful spending: frees up resources to effectively meet more needs;
- increased responsibility: measurable indicators of effectiveness make irresponsibility obvious.
A group about evidence-based decision making in Ukraine:
CREATE A VISION
What will change if your future plan is implemented?EXAMPLES (UA)
SYSTEMATIZE THE STAKEHOLDERS
Who already works with IDPs in your city or town?EXAMPLES (UA)
ANALYZE THE LEGISLATION AND REGULATIONS
Which decisions by local government bodies determine the situation of IDPs?
What kind of spending on IDPs has been reflected in the local budget in the past 2 years?
COLLECT AND ANALYZE THE DATA
What kind of data can be collected in Ukraine:
WRITE THE INTEGRATION PLAN
What needs to be done?
Step by step, specifically.
ADJUST THE VISION
Have you realized after the analysis that your emphasis should be shifted? Shift it.
Our project was reviewed by two IDP councilors, people who have expertise both in monitoring integration and in advocacy for steps in this sphere.
Involve stakeholders in implementing the strategyEXAMPLES OF PRESENTATION MATERIALS